SUNLIGHT-DRIVEN INSTANT SYNTHESIS OF SILVER NANOPARTICLES USING AQUEOUS FRUIT EXTRACT OF TERMINALIA PANICULATA ROTH AND IN VITRO ASSESSMENT OF ITS ANTIOXIDANT AND ANTI-INFLAMMATORY ACTIVITIES
Keywords:Green Synthesis, Phytochemicals, Zeta Potential, HR-TEM, Protein anti-denaturation
Herein we report a sunlight-driven, instant, one-step, green route for the synthesis of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) using aqueous fruit extract of Terminalia paniculata Roth and in vitro assessment of its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities. 5 mL of aqueous fruit extract of T. paniculata was added to 95 mL of 1 mM AgNO3 and exposed to direct sunlight. The T. paniculata fruit extract mediated AgNPs (TpF-AgNPs) were characterized for their morphological, physical, and chemical properties using UV-Vis Spectroscopy, Fourier-Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR), X-Ray Diffraction (XRD), Dynamic Light Scattering (DLS), Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) and High-Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy (HR-TEM) with Selected Area Electron Diffraction (SAED). The antioxidant activity of TpF-AgNPs was evaluated using DPPH (2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl) free radical scavenging assay and the anti-inflammatory activity by Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) anti-denaturation assay at different doses. The formation of TpF-AgNPs was observed as a colour change from pale-yellow to reddish-brown within 3 mins under direct sunlight. UV-Vis spectra revealed an absorption peak at 411 nm, which is the characteristic for silver nanoparticles. FTIR spectra revealed the possible functional groups of phytochemicals such as -OH and -NH involved in the reduction and capping of TpF-AgNPs. HR-TEM analysis confirmed the spherical shape of nanoparticles with sizes ranging from 5-50 nm with an average particle size of 26 nm. AFM shows surface topography of TpF-AgNPs. The crystalline nature with Face Centered Cubic structure was confirmed through XRD and SAED. The negative value of zeta potential (-53.9 mV) indicated the excellent stability of nanoparticles. The TpF-AgNPs exhibited maximum % scavenging of 71.72 ± 0.51 at 100 µg/mL for antioxidant activity and maximum % inhibition of 85.88 ± 1.09 at 500 µg/mL for anti-inflammatory activity. The sunlight-driven green synthesis of TpF-AgNPs proved to be an instant method in the formation of small-sized nanoparticles exhibiting good antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activity.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 Nirupa S. Vernekar, Tarikere C. Taranath
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
All papers published in the Journal of Microbiology, Biotechnology and Food SciencesÂ are published under a CC-BY licence (CC-BY 4.0). Published materials can be shared (copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format) and adapted (remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially) with specifying the author(s).