COMPOSITION OF THE ESSENTIAL OIL OF THE LEAVES OF ARTEMISIA HERBA ALBA ASSO (ASTERACEAE) AND ITS INSECTICIDAL ACTIVITY ON CALLOSOBRUCHUS MACULATUS FABRICIUS (COLEOPTERA: BRUCHIDAE)

Authors

  • Elhourri Mohammed Laboratory of Molecular Chemistry and Natural Substances, Moulay Ismail University, Faculty of Sciences, B.P. 1120, Zitoune, Meknes, Morocco
  • Ouassima Riffi Riffi
  • Jamila Fliou
  • Mostafa El Idrissi
  • Ali Amechrouq

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.15414/jmbfs.3293

Keywords:

Essential oils, GC/MS, Artemisia herba alba Asso, Callosobruchus maculatus, Cicer arietinum, Bioassay

Abstract

In order to  develop a strategy for the safe management of insect pests in stored agricultural commodities, the essential oil of Artemisia herba alba Asso. was tested against Callosobruchus maculatus Fabricius raised on seeds of Cicer arietinum (L.) at 20-30°C and 65±5% relative humidity under storage conditions. Chickpea seeds were fumigated with concentrations of essential oil and then infested by young adults of bruchids. On each treated or control lot, 10 newly emerged pairs were released. The number of dead bruchids and number of eggs hatched and unhatched from the seeds were counted. At the end of their development, adults emerged from treated and untreated seeds were counted separately by sex and the success rate was calculated. Three replicates were conducted for each treatment.

The essential oil extracted from Artemisia herba alba Asso was  analyzed by gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry (GC/MS). The chromatogram of the essential oil of Artemisia herba alba Asso shows 15 signals relating to the 15 compounds of which camphor is the major constituent with a percentage of 96.15%. The results of the biological tests obtained showed that the essential oil of Artemisia herba alba Asso exerts repellent and toxic effects on Callosobruchus maculatus. It causes a high mortality of adults and affects its fertility, fertility, and success rate in a very significant way compared to controls. These show that fumigation of stored commodities with the essential oil of Artemisia herba alba Asso against insect pests can be considered under storage conditions without risk to consumers and the environment.

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Published

2021-06-01

How to Cite

Mohammed, E., Riffi, O. R., Fliou, J. ., El Idrissi, M. ., & Amechrouq, A. (2021). COMPOSITION OF THE ESSENTIAL OIL OF THE LEAVES OF ARTEMISIA HERBA ALBA ASSO (ASTERACEAE) AND ITS INSECTICIDAL ACTIVITY ON CALLOSOBRUCHUS MACULATUS FABRICIUS (COLEOPTERA: BRUCHIDAE). Journal of Microbiology, Biotechnology and Food Sciences, 10(6), e3293. https://doi.org/10.15414/jmbfs.3293

Issue

Section

Biotechnology
Received 2020-06-18
Accepted 2020-12-17
Online Published 2021-06-01