CHARACTERIZATION OF WHITE SESAME SEED OIL AND ITS BIOACTIVE COMPONENTS
Keywords:Bioactive components, Fatty acid profile, Physicochemical properties, Sesame oil
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the physicochemical properties of white sesame seed oil (WSSO) (PB-Till 90) along with their bioactive components. Among physicochemical properties; free fatty acids (0.95 Â± 0.05 %), peroxide value (0.88 Â± 0.03 meq/kg), thiobarbituric acid value (0.045 Â± 0.0 mg malonaldehyde/kg-oil), free radical scavenging activity (DPPH) (85.07 Â± 0.01 %), and iodine value (113.4 Â± 1.46 g/100gm) were observed. Fatty acid (%) profile, determined by gas chromatography, mostly comprised of unsaturated fatty acids. Bioactive components were determined using HPLC and include tocopherol mg/kg (Î± 8.12 Â± 0.0, Î´ 23.98 Â± 0.02, Î³ 3.125 Â± 0.01), polyphenol mg/kg (Gallic acid 0.985 Â± 0.001, protocatechuic acid 0.018 Â± 0.001, syringic acid 0.024 Â± 0.002, ferulic acid 0.134 Â± 0.001), stigmasterol 6689.34 Â± 0.02 and lignans mg/kg (sesamin 18340 Â± 8.5, sesamolin 28340 Â± 13.7 and sesamol 224 Â± 2.0) were quantified. The results show that WSSO from variety PB-Till 90 has good physicochemical properties and contain appreciable quantities of bioactive components to make its usage as a functional food ingredient.
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Copyright (c) 2021 Farhan Aslam, Sanaullah Iqbal, Muhammad Imran, Aftab Ahmad Anjum, Syed Amir Gilani, Zubair Farooq, Hafiza Bushra Tariq, Sergei Terentev, Anna Terekhova, Mohammad Ali Shariati
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