SOIL AMENDED WITH ORGANIC FERTILIZERS AS A SOURCE OF ACTINOMYCETES WITH HIGH POTENTIAL AS BIOCONTROL AGENTS
Keywords:soil, compost, vermicompost, Streptomyces, natural biofungicide
AbstractPlant diseases caused by pathogenic fungi are a severe problem for agriculture, and some organic fertilizers have shown a suppressive capacity due to the antagonistic action of microbial communities inhabiting those substrates. The purpose of this work was to isolate and identify actinomycetes from soil, compost and vermicompost able to antagonize phytopathogens. In total, out of 352 actinomycetes successfully recovered on Pochon medium and of which were selected representative 22 mycelium forming isolates, which were subjected to morphological and genotypic characterization. Genetic characterization based on 16S rDNA fragment sequencing revealed that, all the actinomycete isolates belong to the genus Streptomyces. The antifungal activity of isolates was tested against eight phytopathogenic fungi, and they were most activated against Rhizoctonia solani, Alternaria tenuissima, Aspergillus niger and Penicillium expansum. Isolates 51VK13 (Streptomyces sampsonii) and 12VK13 (Streptomyces flavovariabilis) isolated from soil amended with vermicompost showed the greatest antagonistic activity. Their bioactive potential was also confirmed by presence of genes for nonribosomal peptide synthetase (NRPS) and polyketide synthase types I and II (PKS-I and PKS-II). It can, therefore, be concluded that soil amended with organic fertilizers such as compost, and in particular vermicompost, provides a lower incidence of phytopathogens, especially fungi. Isolated actinomycetes have also shown high potential for the production of bioactive compounds useful in the control of plant diseases.
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JavorekovÃ¡, S., KovÃ¡csovÃ¡, S., Medo, J., MakovÃ¡, J., PetrovÃ¡, J., Hleba, L., KoÅ¡Å¥Ã¡lovÃ¡, D., & Cinkocki, R. (2019). SOIL AMENDED WITH ORGANIC FERTILIZERS AS A SOURCE OF ACTINOMYCETES WITH HIGH POTENTIAL AS BIOCONTROL AGENTS. Journal of Microbiology, Biotechnology and Food Sciences, 8(6), 1352–1359. https://doi.org/10.15414/jmbfs.2019.8.6.1352-1359
Copyright (c) 2019 SoÃ…Âˆa JavorekovÃ¡, Silvia KovÃ¡csovÃ¡, Juraj Medo, Jana MakovÃ¡, Jana PetrovÃ¡, LukÃƒÂ¡Ã…Â¡ Hleba, Daniela KoÅ¡Å¥Ã¡lovÃ¡, Renata Cinkocki
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